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About Cairo

Cairo, the capital city of Egypt, is the largest metropolitan city in the middle east. It is also known as the “City of a Thousand Minarets”, due to the predominance of Islamic culture. This beautiful city is situated on the banks of the river Nile. 

When you plan to book flights to Cairo from Toronto, get ready to take in the beautiful sights while still in the air! Located near the great pyramid of Giza and the ancient city of Memphis, Cairo is the centre of political and cultural life in Egypt. At the heart of Cairo, is the Tahrir Square and the great Egyptian Museum, home to the antique artifacts dating back to King Tutankhamun.

Cairo is known to be established by the Fatimid dynasty in 969 AD and the remnants of the ancient national capitals can still be seen in older parts of Cairo city. Its the home to the second oldest institution for higher learning, dating back to the 10th century, and holds the oldest film and music industry in the middle east. 

Cairo is also the headquarters of many international businesses, organizations, and media companies. The Arab League has its headquarters there predominantly. Cairo’s underground metro is amongst the busiest in the world. With 75 stations and 3 operational lines, it conveys around 4 million passengers a day.

Population

Cairo is a very densely populated city having a population of more than 95.4 Lakhs with footfall in the metro area being around 20,901,000 in the year 2020. After traveling to Cairo by EgyptAir, which offers some of the best discounts and cheapest prices, get ready to face the high heat levels as well as the air pollution of the metropolitan city.

History

The city of Cairo stems out from the ancient city of Memphis which is situated 24 kilometres southwest along the river Nile. The ancient city of Memphis was founded in 2,000 BC and King Menes became its first ruler. 

After 30 BC when the Romans took control of Egypt, the Babylon fortress was built on the river Nile in the 1st century. It is one of the oldest structure in the city since that time. 

When Cairo was established as the Fustat City in the 10th Century by the Fatimids, the city went through a great architectural period. The construction of many famous landmarks such as the Al-Azhar mosque underwent during their reign.

Cairo’s Islamic culture flourished in the 12th century when Saladin became the first Sultan of Egypt. He commissioned the construction of many significant buildings including the Cairo Citadel.

When the black death plague struck Cairo, it killed almost 40 percent of the population. The population shrunk by hundreds of thousands within eight months. 

When Muhammad Ali Pasha came to power in the early 19th century, he attempted to modernize Egypt. He instilled many reforms in the form of military, economic and cultural reforms. He commissioned a great many construction projects inspired by Paris such as boulevards and plazas that can still be seen if you visit Old Cairo. Do not book a flight from Cairo to Canada without taking in all the beautiful historical architecture.

General Weather

With its hot desert climate, the city experiences high and dry temperatures. After traveling to this desert city, you will get to experience wind storms as they are quite frequent and love to cover everything with dust and sand. There isn’t a big difference in temperature between the two seasons but there is a big difference between night and day. The temperatures can go as low as 11° C during winter and 20° C in summer.

Best Time to Visit

When you initially start to check air ticket prices to Cairo on Air Canada, the whole decision depends on when you would like to visit the breathtaking city. 

  • December – February – Wintertime, with its pleasant weather and the cooling breeze, is the prime tourist time. Though the temperature is alluring get ready to battle the crowds to see any of the main tourist attractions. Hotel reservations are also hard to come by with months of pre bookings. 
  • March – April – This springtime vacation is ideal due to fewer crowds and absolutely gorgeous weather. Do book hotels 2 -3 weeks in advance. 
  • May – September – With the summertime highs the excitement is the only thing that can beat the heat. If you plan to visit Cairo during the month of Ramadan, pre-booking hotels well in advance should be a good idea. 

October – November – The coming of wintertime, ideal time with moderate temperatures and fewer crowds. Hosts the Cairo International Film Festival and the 100 Kilometre Pharaonic Race in November.

Things to Do

  • Coptic Cairo (Old City) – The old city is mesmerizing with its twisting alleyways and ancient churches. It feels like a walk down Cairo’s beautiful history. 
  • Islamic Cairo – You get the best experience of the chaotic environment of Islamic Cairo within the labyrinth of alleyways and awe-inspiring architecture. 
  • Pyramids of Giza – No one can go to Egypt and miss one of the original seven wonders of the world! It has stood the test of time and stands in all its formidable glory. 
  • Great Sphinx – Beautiful monumental structure with its impressive size and unique appearance. It has two temples on its sides, one from the old kingdom and the other from the new kingdom. 
  • Egyptian Museum – It houses more than 100,000 artifacts from ancient Egypt. One of its top attractions is the Tutankhamun exhibits.
  • Salah El-Din Citadel – It houses a lot of worthwhile attractions like the Mohammad Ali Mosque and several museums. 
  • Khan El-Khalili – This busy market street gives you the best example of the vibrant and chaotic personality of Cairo. You will find the best bargains for your souvenirs here. 
  • Saqqara – This step pyramid dates back to the Third Dynasty and is famously known to be made by the infamous architect, Imhotep. It houses the Pharaoh Djoser. 
  • Al Azhar Park – This famous park houses an assortment of fountains, manicured gardens, and restaurants. 
  • Dahshur – Situated 23 miles south of Cairo, this site houses five pyramids dating back to around 2575 BC. 
  • Memphis – The ancient capital city of Memphis can still be found in its scattered ruins of status and stone temples. The main attractions are the Ramses II statue and a giant alabaster sphinx.

Airport Information

The International airports near Cairo, Egypt

  • Cairo International Airport Cairo, Egypt
  • Borg El Arab International Airport Borg El Arab, Egypt
  • Alexandria International Airport, Alexandria, Egypt
  • Ovda Airport, Eilat, Israel

 

Domestic airports near Cairo, Egypt

  • Cairo International Airport, Cairo, Egypt 
  • Borg El Arab International Airport, Borg El Arab, Egypt 

 

Local airports near Cairo, Egypt

  • Cairo West Airbase, Cairo West, Egypt

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