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About Cairo

Addis Ababa is the capital of Ethiopia. It is also the capital of the Oromia region of Ethiopia and the African Union. It is located on the watered plateau that is surrounded by hills and mountains. It is the educational and administrative centre of Ethiopia. 

Several international organizations have set up their headquarters in this city like the African Union and the United Nations Economic Commission of Africa.

Addis Ababa 2

Most of Ethiopia’s service industries like banking and insurance services are situated in Addis Ababa. The city is the hub of the nation’s transportation network and it also serves the international airport. It serves Ethiopian airlines and other international airlines and is also known as the hub for pilot training and aircraft maintenance. 

Many richest people stay in the southeast, southwest, Ayat, Lamberet, and CMC arts of the town. The city is the centre for international diplomacy concerning Africa. You can travel to Addis Ababa by car, by bus, by train and also by an international flight to Addis Ababa Ethiopian Airlines, Turkish Airlines or any other international flights from Europa, US or Asia and inter African destinations. 

Tourism is a growing industry in Addis Ababa. The country, Ethiopia alone has seen 10 percent increases in the last few years.

Population

The metro area population of Addis Ababa was 4,794,000 in 2020. The overall population of Ethiopia is 114, 963,588. Amharic is the native language of the north-western and central areas.

History

  • Addis Ababa was founded in 1886 as a mineral spring resort for Ethiopia’s royal families and nobilities. 
  • The Emperor made it the capital after building his palace in 1892. Later by 1896 noble families started building their permanent houses in Addis Ababa.
  • The city’s uncertain future became stable after the railroad arrived in Djibouti in 1917, the land charter was granted in 1907.
  • By 1917, Ras Tafari Makonnen redistributed his wealth for the emerging class of urban Ethiopians which made him the most powerful person in Addis Ababa.
  • Between 1926 and 1927, the economy boomed in Addis Ababa, the richest drove automobiles, and the banking system started developing in the city. 
  • In 1930, Ras Tafari was crowned Emperor Haile Selassie. He improved the city by repairing roads, installing power lines and telephones, and constructing various monuments all over Addis Ababa. 
  • However, in 1936, Selassie was forced to leave Addis Ababa after invasion of Italians. However, 5 years later, with the help of the British army Addis Ababa was liberated and Selassie re-entered the city and started working on re-establishing the city. 
  • Within 20 years Addis Ababa attracted various foreign traders, investors, and it became the centre of higher education. It is the first city to have a 3.3 million population in 2008.

General Weather

In Addis Ababa, the dry season is partly cloudy whereas the wet season is mostly cloudy. To conclude, it is comfortable all year round in Addis Ababa. The temperature in the city varies from 48F to 75F all year. It is rare that the temperature falls below 42F and above 80F. 

  • Warm-season lasts from February 7 to June 6.
  • Cold season lasts from July 7 to September 6.
  • Clear sky can be seen from August 30 to March 20. 
  • Cloudy sky is seen from March 20 till August 30. 
  • Rainfall is experienced from January 20 to October 31.
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Best Time to Visit

Ethiopia’s peak tourist season is from the last week of September to January. This is because of the popular festivals among tourists, Meskel and Timkat. This time tourists will also experience pleasant weather, blue skies, and less rainfall. There is a little obstacle in visiting Addis Ababa any time of the year. 

During July and August, the countryside is extremely green and most hotels negotiate well with rates. You can walk into any hotel and will surely get a room, unlike during peak seasons when hotel prices are high and cheap flights are unavailable. Wildlife viewing is consistent all over the year.

Things to Do

  • Meskel Square is the central region of the city. Most Ethiopian festivals are held at this place, like the Meskel festival when believers gather at the square in colourful robes to celebrate the discovery of the true cross. 
  • Addis Mercato is the bustling market that is now partially filled with brand new buildings that are future African malls. 
  • Mount Entoto is the place where the foundation of Addis as the capital city was established by Emperor Menelik and Empress Taitu. 
  • The National Museum of Ethiopia contains the archaeological history of the city. It also contains the artefacts of the oldest skeleton named Lucy. 
  • The Red Terror Martyrs Memorial Museum located in Meskel Square describes the horrific period of 1974-1991. The last room contains skulls screaming the horrific story of that regime. 
  • The Ethnological Museum is located on Algeria Street that also consists of the once official house and place of Emperor Haile Selassie. It is within the university campus.
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  • Holy Trinity Cathedral is the Orthodox Cathedral which was constructed in 1942. The tombs of Emperor Haile Selassie and Empress Menen Asfaw can be found in the northern part of the building.
  • St. George Cathedral and Museum are situated in the northern part of the Piazza, Meskel Square. It is famous for its octagonal shape. 
  • Debre Libanos Monastery provides a stunning view of the surrounding mountains. You will be impressed by seeing its structure and the number of pilgrims visiting daily. 
  • Piazza District is the historical heart of the city, which will take you back to the traditional times. The top attractions are the post office, Itegue Taitu Hotel, the stone Bank of Abyssinia, and a Greek Orthodox Church.
  • A day trip to Awash National Park, which was established in 1996, is the best trip to spot East Africa Oryx, Dik-Diks, North African Ostriches, Gazelles, Kudus, Warthogs, many different species of birds, as well as the African Wild Dogs.

Airport Information

The nearest airport is the Addis Ababa Bole International Airport. It is the largest airport located 12.53kms away from the city. Ethiopian Airlines travel domestic as well as international from and to Europe, US, and Asia. You can book Ethiopian Airlines Toronto to Addis Ababa at the best price during the offseason. There are other international flights like Turkish Airlines that have daily flights from the Bole airport.

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